All individuals applying for immigration to Canada must undergo a comprehensive security screening process. This screening aims to conduct a detailed background investigation in order to ascertain that there is no potential risk or danger posed by the applicant to Canadian society.
Collaboration between three federal entities is vital for conducting immigration and citizenship security screenings:
Canadian Security Intelligence Service
The CSIS (Canadian Security Intelligence Service) is responsible for examining individuals’ backgrounds to identify any activities that may threaten Canada’s security and reporting them to the Canadian government.
Under Section 14 of the CSIS Act, CSIS is authorized to collect information relevant to security or criminal activities in accordance with the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA). Section 15 permits CSIS to conduct investigations for the purpose of providing security assessments. These provisions enable CSIS to perform security screenings for all applicants seeking entry into Canada through the Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
Regarding security-based inadmissibility, Section 34 of the CSIS Act specifies that permanent residents or foreign nationals may be inadmissible to Canada due to the following reasons:
- Engaging in espionage against or contrary to Canada’s interests.
- Instigating or participating in the forceful subversion of any government.
- Committing acts of subversion against a democratic government, institution, or process as understood in Canada.
- Involvement in terrorism.
- Poses a danger to Canada’s security.
- Engaging in violent acts that could endanger lives or safety within Canada.
- Membership in an organization reasonably believed to engage or have engaged in the aforementioned acts.
Canada Border Services Agency
The CBSA (Canada Border Services Agency) is tasked with delivering comprehensive border services to uphold national security and prioritize public safety. In other words, their duties encompass detaining individuals who may pose a risk to Canada, deporting those who are ineligible for entry, and investigating individuals who violate the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) or are suspected of criminal activity.
Moreover, the CBSA conducts screenings of visitors, immigrants, and refugees who wish to enter Canada. They perform background checks on all applicants aged 18 and above who apply for immigration or seek refugee status.
Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada
IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada) collaborates closely with other federal entities to conduct thorough screening procedures. IRCC partners with CSIS and CBSA, which have the ability to access international databases, to enforce the provisions of the IRPA and assess immigration admissibility.
As a matter of fact, it is important to note that CSIS and CBSA do not make the final decision on immigration applications. Instead, they conduct security assessments and provide their findings to IRCC. IRCC independently reviews the information provided by CSIS and CBSA and ultimately determines the outcome of the application.
It is important to note that applicants must typically obtain a Police Clearance certificate as part of the application process. The applicants should get this certificate from their current country of residence as well as from any country where they have lived for more than six months since turning 18 years old.
How mana immigration Can Help
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